The U.S. government is proposing rules requiring distributors, providers and owners of video programming to provide closed captioning of certain video programming when that programming is delivered over the Internet.
On Sept. 28, 2011, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) posted a notice on the Federal Register—Closed Captioning of Internet Protocol-Delivered Video Programming: Implementation of the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA) of 2010—seeking comment on the proposed IP closed captioning rules.
The FCC has issued a “notice of proposed rulemaking” (NPRM) that also requires devices that display such programming to provide closed captioning of certain video programming delivered using” the Internet.
In the NPRM, the FCC says it has initiated a proceeding that fulfills the requirements of the CVAA, and the commission seeks comment on the “proposals that would better enable individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to view IP (Internet protocol)-delivered video programming, by requiring that programming be provided with closed captions if it was shown on television with captions.”
Closed captioning is an assistive technology that provides individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing with access to television programming with closed captioning displaying the audio portion of a television signal as printed words on the television screen, the FCC says.
Existing regulations require the use of closed captioning on television, but until recently closed captioning has not been required for IP-delivered video programming, the FCC says. That changed with the enactment of the CVAA, which requires the FCC to “revise its regulations to require the provision of closed captioning on video programming delivered using Internet protocol that was published or exhibited on television with captions after the effective date of such regulations.”
The FCC also seeks “comment on requirements for the devices that are subject to the CVAA’s new closed captioning requirements.” The commission says its “goal is to require the provision of closed captions with IP-delivered video programming in the manner most helpful to consumers,” while ensuring the regulations do not create undue economic burdens for the distributors, providers, and owners of online video programming.
The deadline for comments is Oct. 18, 2011 and reply comments are due by Oct. 28. The docket number to use when filing comments is 11-154.